Carlox & Coccidiosis
Coccidiosis / Going Light is a common and often fatal disease of finches, especially during the juvenile moult. Finches housed outdoors are most at risk and should receive coccidiosis prevention. New Coccidiocides (Carlox) have been found to be more effective and palatable for finches than the older Coccidiostats (Amprolium).
Coccidiosis should be assumed to be present when several juveniles of the same species are found fluffed up on the floor.
Carlox treatment should be immediately administered to the entire aviary whilst a diagnosis is being confirmed.
Symptoms of Coccidiosis
Sick bird found fluffed up on aviary floor
Fluffed up look, trembling & shivering
Going Light – sudden weight loss followed by dark green tacky, smelly diarrhoea.
Several deaths of both sexes of the same finch species over a period of a week.
Treatment of Coccidiosis Outbreak
The entire aviary should receive Carlox for seven days at a high dose of 3mls per litre of drinking water immediately several finches of the same species die as coccidiosis is ‘species-specific’. This means that Coccidiosis in one finch species cannot infect another finch species.
Overcrowding by a single finch species is another cause of a Coccidiosis outbreak.
Gouldians and other mutations should also receive regular treatments with Carlox.
Coccidiosis is also common in Green finches, canaries, other British finches, pigeons and poultry.
Carlox administered at a low dose (1ml per litre) for three days every month prevents coccidiosis outbreaks and promotes immunity against reinfection.
Earthen floors of outdoor aviaries are ideal for the rapid spread of Coccidiosis after humid and wet weather conditions with many birds being lost during an outbreak. Deaths may continue for many weeks without treatment. Finches often die from Coccidiosis soon after showing symptoms and Carlox cannot save visibly sick birds. For these birds, Sulfa-AVS must be used, but even so Sulfa AVS treatment may also be unrewarding for very sick birds.
For this reason, prevention is recommended as the best cure for coccidiosis.
Individual sick birds must be placed in a hospital cage for intensive care and Sulfa-AVS treatment. Treatment success is more likely when the sick bird is immediately removed to a heated hospital cage for treatment. It is unlikely that this treatment will save birds that are already exhibiting symptoms of weight loss (going light).
At the same time, Carlox should be added to the drinking water of the remainder of the flock. Treatment should centre on saving the unaffected of the same and other species in the aviary.
Carlox is the first choice treatment for adjacent aviaries and must be administered at the high dose of 3mls per litre of drinking water for 7 days. Sulfa AVS should be first administered for five consecutive days to the aviary from which the sick birds were removed followed then by Carlox at a low dose of 1ml/litre of drinking water for 5 days for 3 weeks then each month thereafter. Further illness and death may occur for three days after the start of the Sulfa-AVS treatment but after this time death numbers should decrease rapidly.
Sulfa AVS is a highly effective, fast acting Coccidiosis medicine. Sulfa AVS is used to stop the spread of Coccidiosis throughout an infected aviary during outbreaks. It is also the medicine of choice to treat birds with early signs of Coccidiosis. These birds must be removed from the aviary into a heated hospital cage for individual treatment. Sulfa AVS is highly palatable to finches and birds in the early stages of infection are usually thirsty. Sulfa AVS treatment gives birds with Coccidiosis a better chance of survival.
Coccidiosis Prevention – Carlox
A low dose treatment with Carlox (1ml per litre of drinking water for 3 days each month) provides the best way to control Coccidiosis.
It promotes a natural resistance against the disease and prevents Coccidiosis throughout all weather conditions.
Carlox is the medicine of choice to prevent Coccidiosis in finches.
Resistance of finch-Coccidiosis to Carlox has not been detected. Although it has little effect on already infected birds, its main function is to protect in contact birds which it does within three days.
Coccidiosis is a disease of wet conditions, dirt floored aviaries and where young birds are weakened by poor genes (Blue Mutations Gouldians are most susceptible to coccidiosis), fluctuating temperatures, another disease or poor nutrition.
Coccidiosis is rarely a problem when the floor of the aviary is kept dry. Prevention is necessary for outdoor aviaries because it is impossible to keep floors dry during wet conditions. Coccidiosis remains a problem for indoor cages and box-type aviaries when leaking or split drinkers wet the floors of the cage or feed stations. Dry aviary conditions do not always preclude the presence of coccidiosis because outbreaks may appear secondary to other diseases. Coccidiosis suddenly affects juvenile finches of the same species soon after a change in weather conditions. Summer (after rain) and autumn (with increasing humidity) are seasons where finch aviaries are most crowded with young birds are the most likely times for Coccidiosis outbreaks.
Carlox should be administered at the high dose (3mls per litre) for three days each month for the first two months after newly acquired finches have been transferred into an outdoor aviary. Finches denied access to droppings (i.e. finches kept in wire floor cages and box type aviaries) do not acquire immunity against Coccidiosis. Carlox must be administered when they are transferred because dirt floored aviaries expose these birds to danger.
The control of coccidiosis in finches is aided by creating dry conditions. Diatemacous earth is ideally suited to earthen-floored aviaries and can play an important part in the prevention of Coccidiosis. It is used to dry the aviary floors during prolonged wet spells and slows the spread of Coccidiosis.
Coccidiosis impairs the absorption of nutrients from the bowel. The disease lessens breeding opportunities because it weakens feeding parents, preventing them from feeding their young optimally. Carlox administered at low doses makes it perfectly safe for parents feeding young nestlings.
Mutation Gouldian and Arid zone finches (Painted Finch) are most susceptible to the effects of Coccidiosis because, in the wild, they have evolved under dry conditions and carry no ‘genetic immunity’ to the disease. Under wet aviary conditions all Australian finches (temperate and tropical) become vulnerable to Coccidiosis. Species inhabiting areas that border watercourses in the wild (Long-tail (Heck’s) Finch, Black throated (Parson) Finch) or spend a lot of time on the ground (Zebra Finch, Masked Finch) appear more resistant to Coccidiosis, although Pictorella, Double Bars, Plum heads and Red-Browed finches are particularly susceptible to Coccidiosis outbreaks.
Weaning and adolescent finches are vulnerable to Coccidiosis because they have not yet developed immunity to this illness. During wet weather fatalities from Coccidiosis are more common in young birds and therefore young finches are the first to die during an outbreak.
Suitable for ALL Birds: Canaries, Budgies, Finches, Parrots, Pigeons and Poultry.